The Meaning of Celtic Trees: Lore and Tradition of Irish Druids

Published Categorized as Tree Symbolism
celtic tree of life druids

Celtic tree symbolism

Celtic trees are steeped in lore and tradition. The Celts, a group of people who inhabited parts of Europe prior to the Romans, believed that trees were sacred. To them, trees were not just plants; they were living beings with personalities and spirits.

The Celtic tree alphabet was used as a form of communication among Druids (Celtic priests). Each letter in the alphabet corresponded to a different tree. The letters also had symbolic meaning. For example: Birch means New Beginnings, Cedar tree means Strength and Healing.

The Druids also believed that certain trees had special powers. The Rowan was thought to be a sacred tree because it could protect against evil spirits. The Hawthorn was another sacred tree which was associated with fertility and new life.

What are important trees in Celtic culture?

Trees have long been thought to grant mystical powers to those who worshipped them. Trees were categorized into three distinct types: life-giving, healing, and communication. Life-giving trees, such as Alder, Apple, Ash, Birch, Blackthorn, Elder, Gorse, and Hawthorn, are believed to bring prosperity, fertility, and protection from evil spirits. Healing trees, like Aspen, Birch, Blackthorn, Elder, Mistletoe, Rowan, and Yew, were used for physical and spiritual healing. And communication trees, like Aspen, Blackthorn, and Rowan, were thought to be able to communicate with spirits from beyond our world.

celtic tree of life druids

What is the history of a Celtic Tree of Life?

The beautiful symbol of the Tree of Life, or “Crann Bethadh” as it’s known in Celtic culture represents the longevity and immortality of knowledge and wisdom, along with a balance between the earth and the heavens.

The first mention of the Tree of Life may be originating from Mesopotamia. Beyond its spiritual connotations, the Tree of Life has been preserved in modern times through reliable fairy tales and folklore. This is especially important as many ancient symbols have been lost due to language and cultural shifts over time.

What type of tree is the Celtic tree of life?

The Celtic Tree of Life in Irish culture and history is represented by an oak tree with branches reaching up and interconnected roots, with a Celtic knot pattern. This symbol is often seen in jewelry, like pendants and wedding rings, and is now becoming a popular tattoo design.

celtic tree of life druids oak

What is the meaning of trees in Celtic culture?

Trees were held in high regard by the Celts, they believed that different trees had different powers and meanings, such as the Alder representing balance between male and female, the Apple symbolizing youthfulness and rebirth, and the Ash containing healing qualities.

The Birch was used for purification purposes, while Blackthorn was associated with witches and goddesses of winter and Elder was said to protect against evil spirits. Gorse represented love and fertility, and Hawthorn was feared for its connection with fairies.

Further trees that had importance to the Celts include Holly, which played a significant role in many cultures, both Druidic and Christian, Reed was used by scholars as writing equipment, Rowan was connected with death rituals and protection from evil spirits, and Scots Pine was connected with eternal life, fertility, prosperity, and vitality.

In Norse mythology, the tree of life is called Yggdrasil and is associated with the nine worlds of Norse cosmology, while the Norse and Celtic mythology is similar but not the same.

Celtic Love of Trees

There is a special relationship between the Irish people and trees. Trees were considered sacred by the Celts and were believed to have mystical powers. Trees were used as symbols in ancient Celtic societies and some trees, such as the oak, hazel, rowan tree, hawthorn tree, crab apple tree, and birch tree, were even worshipped. Even now, many Irish people still honour this ancient tradition by planting new trees or restoring old ones.

Oak Trees in Celtic Culture

Oak trees were used to build sturdy fences and buildings such as the Dairtheach (oak house). The acorns found on these trees served as a much-needed food source, as well as feed for pigs. The bark of oak trees also yields a dye that was used to tan leather.

These trees were revered as places of worship and ritualistic practice by druids, and mistletoe found in oak trees was believed to possess special powers. Oftentimes these trees served as a central point for communities, acting as a Tree of Life near settlements built around them.

Druid meaning of trees

The Druids of Ireland used trees for both religious and practical purposes. Oak was the most highly regarded tree, believed to be sacred and the ancestor of man. Other trees such as rowan were used for protection against enemies or bad spirits, while birch was associated with wisdom.

Trees were frequently depicted in Irish legends which often revolved around nature-related themes such as rebirth (with each seasonal change), life after death (the tree’s ability to provide food, wood, shelter), or even divination through tree leaves or nuts falling from it.

Rituals were also performed based on these concepts along with birth/death symbolism associated with each individual tree species – e.g., oak represented strength & longevity while birch stood for wisdom etc.

celtic tree of life druids

The Arboreal System

The arboreal system was created by the ancient Irish Druids. This system links each lunar month to one of thirteen sacred trees, and the Druids believed that children born in certain months would develop certain qualities. By understanding their connection to these trees and the qualities they represent, people can gain insight into themselves and the world around them, learning how to live in harmony with nature.

The arboreal system is an incredible example of Celtic Shamanic astrology and a reminder of the Druids’ reverence for nature.

Trees sacred to druids

The druids of Ireland believed that many types of trees were sacred, such as oak, hazel, rowan and yew. These trees were seen as symbols of wisdom, strength and protection. The oak was especially revered as the symbol of high kingship and was associated with the sun god Lugh. Hazel was associated with wisdom due to its connection with the goddess Brigid who used it for divination purposes. Rowan was believed to have magical powers that could ward off evil spirits and protect against curses or hexes. Yew trees were also associated with death, burial sites and cemeteries due to their long life spans.

The lore and tradition of trees in Irish Druids

The Tree of Life

The Tree of Life – also known as the World Tree or Yggdrasil – is seen as the centre of creation and is believed to connect Heaven, Earth, and the Underworld. According to Irish Druids, it has four branches that extend in North, South, East, and West directions.

Some even believe that those who eat the fruit of the tree will live forever. It has been used by many cultures throughout history, with the Mayans believing it to be connected to heaven, Egyptians connecting it with life and death, Christians associating it with good and evil, and Taoists holding that Chinese Tree of Life produces a magical peach tree once every 3,000 years.

The World Tree

The World Tree symbol can be found in many religions and cultures around the world, including Irish Druidism. The World Tree serves as a connection between humans, nature, and spirituality, and it is believed to have been the original source of humans in ancient times.

The trunk of the World Tree connects the upper, middle and underworld realms, while its roots reach into the underworld and its branches reach up to the upper world. It is a symbol of strength, wisdom, longevity, and rebirth, and can serve as a doorway to communicate with the gods. Druids also used it for magical purposes, such as casting enchantments and spells.

The Sacred Groves

The sacred groves of the Irish Druids were specially designated areas where they held rituals, worshipped nature deities, and practiced divination. Most often, they were marked out by a circle of trees with an open area in the center.

Trees were highly respected and revered by the Celts, with different regions attributing special meanings and properties to certain species.

For example, on the Isle of Man elders were believed to be fairy trees, while in Wales certain trees were associated with the ogham alphabet’s crann ogham branch. In Ireland, many trees are also inhabited by various nature spirits.

The Irish Oak

You may have heard of the Irish Oak. This native tree of Ireland has long been seen as a symbol of strength and endurance, with its ability to live for centuries. The actual word “Druid” comes from the Celtic word for oak, Duir, and the Irish Oak has been significant to Druids throughout history.

Not only has it provided food, wood, and shelter, but it also has been seen as a source of spiritual guidance and wisdom. Throughout the years, this symbol has come to represent unity between heaven and earth and has been used in jewelry and tattoos as a symbol of love and faith in nature’s beauty.

The Hazel Tree

The Celts believed that the nuts of the hazel tree could grant immeasurable wisdom and boundless knowledge, making it an invaluable source of food. Eating the nuts was seen as a way to seek knowledge, and they were often kept in pockets to ward off evil and illness.

The hazelnuts were sometimes used for divination purposes, and so the hazel wood was especially honored. For example, during Samhain, a festival that took place around October 31, the Celts would eat hazlenuts as a way to seek out knowledge.

The Birch Tree

The birch tree plays a big role in the festival of Beltane, which marks the start of summer. The birch’s protective and purifying properties were thought to ward off evil spirits and its leaves were brewed in tea to fight infections. People born under the astrology sign of the birch tree are known for their ambition, optimistic outlook, and leadership abilities.

They are also known for their tolerance and the ability to lighten up any situation with their smile and charm.

The Rowan Tree

The Rowan tree is said to be the Celtic Tree of Life and has been a part of Irish Druidic tradition since ancient times. People planted a Rowan tree beside their home to protect themselves from evil forces and to symbolize courage, wisdom and protection.

According to the myth, the goddess Hebe lost her chalice of youth, and when the eagle recovered it, he shed a drop of blood or feather wherever he went, forming the bright red berries of the Rowan tree. These berries were thought to have protective powers and were eaten at Samhain.

Folklore also suggests that people made protective crosses made of red thread and carved rune staves and walking sticks from Rowan’s durable timber, which they believed had divining properties. To this day, the Rowan tree symbolizes courage, wisdom, and protection and is still seen as a powerful protective force.

The Hawthorn Tree

The Hawthorn tree, also known as the whitethorn or May tree is a small flowering tree which is native to Europe, North America and Asia, and is renowned for its white flowers which bloom in spring or early summer, and its red berries that ripen in autumn.

The Celts believed that the hawthorn was inhabited by fairies and treated it with great respect, believing that harming a Hawthorn would bring bad luck and that caring for it would bring great fortune.

The Aspen Tree

The aspen tree for the Irish Druids was sacred and believed to possess magical properties. It was thought to protect against witches and fairies, and its wood was used in divination rituals. In addition, the aspen tree played a major role in May Day (Beltaine) celebrations; people often gathered under its branches to celebrate.

The word aspen is derived from Old Irish “nin”, which is also the name of the letter N in the ogham alphabet. It formed a magical trio with the oak and the thorn in fairy lore, and its seedpods were used for divination. Some of the most famous aspen trees include the Tree of Uisnech, the Bough of Dathí and the Tree of Tortu.

The Willow Tree

Those born under the sign of the Willow are highly creative, intuitive, and possess a higher IQ. They can also appreciate life’s cycles and the lessons they bring. Willow trees are also associated with medicinal properties like antiseptic bark, painkiller leaves, expectorant sap, and nutritious berries.

They are often planted near water sources due to their ability to tolerate wet habitats better than other trees, which can be incredibly helpful during flooding seasons.

The Alder Tree

The alder tree’s mystical properties were associated with Irish Druids and were believed to have the power to detect diseases and predict the future. This tree was also associated with divination and diagnosing illnesses, as the letter F in the ogham alphabet was named after it. Furthermore, it was considered so powerful that in ancient times, it was punishable by law to cut it down.

The Apple Tree

The apple tree is often associated with fruitfulness and in some cases, immortality. Druids often fashioned their wands from the wood of the yew or the apple tree. In Arthurian tradition, the legendary Avalon is often referred to as Insula Pomorum, or the Isle of Apples. A magical Irish island called Emain Ablach is even known as the “Emain of Apples”.

In Celtic legends, apples are sometimes used to symbolize fertility, youthfulness, and rebirth. For example, the soul of Cú Roí was confined in an apple in a salmon’s stomach, and Ailinn’s grave grew an apple tree. Additionally, crab apples native to Ireland were used to make wine and flavor mead. Apples are also associated with love and marriage, such as when people throw pips into a fire while saying someone’s name to reveal true love if they explode.

The Mountain Ash

The Mountain Ash tree is a majestic tree which is mentioned in many Irish myths and legends, and it was believed to ward off evil spirits. In May Day rituals, people would gather around an ash tree to celebrate fertility and rebirth, and its sap was used as a medicinal protection against witchcraft. Some of the more famous examples of mountain ash trees include the Tree of Uisnech, the Bough of Dathí, and Tortu Tree. Keep an eye out for the letter N in the ogham alphabet – its symbolized by the mountain ash, along with the oak and thorn trees.

How to use tree energy for your benefit?

Step 1: Choose your Celtic tree

The Celts classified trees into three types: the Oak, which is a symbol of strength and endurance; the Ash, which stands for renewal and rebirth; and the Rowan, whose berries were used in spells to ward off evil spirits. You can use these trees to access their energy through their leaves or berries. For example, Oak leaves can be burned as incense or made into an infusion for healing. Meanwhile, the Rowan berries can be crushed into a powder and used as a magical charm against bad luck or negativity.

celtic tree of life druids

Step 2: Create a spiritual space

Creating a spiritual space can help you experience tree energy in a whole new way. By providing a peaceful environment, you can enter into a deeper connection with trees and appreciate their many benefits, such as improved health, reduced stress levels, and increased creativity.

To deepen this connection, you can use visualization and reiki meditation to tap into the energy of trees. This will not only improve your own personal energy levels, but also will help you to enjoy nature in its fullest form.

Step 3: Select an amulet

Amulets can come in three forms.

  1. Talismans are objects with magical powers that are believed to bring good luck and protection from evil.
  2. Charms are believed to have supernatural powers that can bring positive influences in a person’s life, and they often make great decorations.
  3. Tokens are symbols of love, friendship, or loyalty between two people, and they can also represent values such as courage or wisdom.

Who are the Celts?

Celts arrived in Ireland from central Europe around 500BC and spread their culture across the island in a relatively short period of time. They were the dominant force in Ireland until the arrival of Christianity around 400AD, when their influence began to decline. Today, their legacy lives on in the form of the six Pan-Celtic Nations: Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, Brittany, and the Isle of Man. The Pan-Celtic flag is a symbol of solidarity among these nations and of their shared heritage and culture.


Celtic Tree Lore refers to the reverence and respect the Druids held for trees, believing different species had different properties that could help them live their lives. From food and fuel to building materials, strength, wisdom, and balance, trees were seen as a vital part of the Druids’ beliefs.

This same idea has transcended through time and can be seen today in many cultures’ beliefs in supernatural forces and the power of nature. For example, in Christianity, the Holly Tree is associated with Jesus’ crown of thorns while Hawthorn branches are said to bring love and protection to those who are lucky enough to have them.

What is the significance of the Celtic Tree Alphabet?

The Celtic Tree Alphabet is an ancient alphabet dates back to the 4th century and was used to write the oldest form of the Irish language. It was read from right to left and from the bottom up, with each letter being named after a tree. The original eight letters were birch, willow, alder, pine, yew, hazel, ash, and oak, and twelve more letters were added over time, all named after trees.

celtic tree of life druids alphabet

You can still find ancient inscriptions using this alphabet on stone monuments throughout Ireland, inscribed with simple names or phrases. This is a testament to how important trees were to Celtic society and culture, since they were the basis for their language and alphabet system.

The Gaelic Tree Alphabet

The Gaelic Tree Alphabet is an ancient alphabet used to write the Irish language. It is known as the Ogham Alphabet, named after the trees that each letter represents.

The Gaelic Tree Alphabet was used by ancient Druids in Ireland for religious purposes associated with nature worship and reverence for trees. To the Celts, trees held great spiritual significance due to their importance in providing food and shelter as well as acting as a link between humans and deities.

What are Celtic tree spirit names?

The Celtic tree spirit names include Rowan, Oak, Ash, Willow, Hawthorn, Birch and Yew. These trees are revered for their magical powers and are associated with various symbolic meanings. For example, the Rowan tree is believed to ward off evil spirits and protect against curses; the Oak represents strength and endurance; the Ash is associated with balance and harmony; the Willow is known for its healing properties; Hawthorn helps one to see beyond their current problems into a brighter future; Birch provides protection from negative energy while Yew symbolizes immortality.

What is the meaning of the Celtic Tree Knots?

If you’re interested in Celtic culture, mythology, and art, you’ve likely come across the Celtic Tree Knots. This ancient symbol, which originated in Ireland, is used to represent positive energy, peace, balance, and harmony. It symbolizes the never-ending cycle of life, as the branches and roots of the tree are intertwined without end. You will often see this symbol in artwork, and many people even choose to get it tattooed. No matter how you choose to experience it, the Celtic Tree Knots is a powerful symbol that serves as a reminder of the eternalness of life.

How are Celtic Tree Magic and Fairy Lore connected?

There is a belief in fairies and their associated magic – these stories offer explanations for phenomena which were once unexplainable, such as sudden illnesses, deaths and disappearances. People believed that the fairies made their homes close to or under sacred trees. Even today, you may spot trees draped in ribbons and messages in the hope of receiving blessings.

Celtic Tree Magic is linked to Fairy Lore in that they both rely on ancient beliefs and have been passed down through storytelling and folklore. Both apply letters and symbols derived from nature to represent certain qualities or months of the year. Additionally, they both use astrology signs associated with certain months of birth.


By leslieszabo

I like silence. I like balance.